Sport is an activity that increases the body's organic resistance, improves the physiological capacity of the systems, maintains and maintains this capacity. However, not preparing enough before starting sports brings along injuries. Among the regions exposed to sports trauma, the knee joint ranks first with 32.9%. After the knee joint, the most injuries during sports are seen in the ankle, hip and groin area, shoulder joint, foot and thigh area, spine and elbow joint, wrist and hand.
Sports injuries occur when part or all of the body is exposed to more force than normal and the limits of endurance are exceeded.
Common situations are as follows:
Muscle, ligament, tendon tears
Tennis and golfer elbow
Baseball player finger
What Are the Diagnostic Methods in Sports Injuries?
For a diagnosis of a sports or other musculoskeletal injury, the doctor will ask when and how the injury occurred and what activities the person has engaged in recently or in their daily routine. Diagnostic methods include x-ray film, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arthroscopy (imaging with a small microscope inserted into the joint), electromyography (recording electrical currents generated by a moving muscle).
How Does the Treatment Process Progress in Sports Injuries?
Immediate actions for almost all sports injuries include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. To minimize internal bleeding and swelling and prevent the condition from getting worse, the injured area is immediately rested.
Ice causes vessels to constrict, helping to limit inflammation and reduce pain.
Covering the injured area with tape or an elastic bandage (compression) and lifting the injured area above the heart level (elevation) helps to keep swelling limited.
In sports, conservative or surgical treatment is applied according to the severity of the injury and the location of the injury. It is the cold treatment that should be applied in the first intervention. The aim of cold treatment is to prevent swelling, to keep internal bleeding and inflammation (pain) under control.
Physical therapy; Throughout the whole process, electrotherapy accompanied by a physiotherapist, hot-cold application, appropriate exercise selection, people can return to daily life activities more easily and quickly after injury.
Conservative treatment; Bandage, splint, circular plaster, orthosis and extremity are taken to rest. Pain relief and edema relieving drugs are given.
Surgical treatment; Surgical treatment is performed in some sports accidents. Menus injuries, cruciate ligament tears, cartilage lesions). Injection treatments (such as PRP, stem cell applications), muscle tendon and interconnection repair take an important place. Arthroscopic surgery, which belongs to the region requiring surgical intervention, is frequently used in intra-articular injuries in knee joint, hip, ankle, elbow, wrist joints and shoulder joint treatment.
Despite all these accident risks and against the consequences, it should be known that we should not give up sports and movement in our lives. By taking precautions against accident risks and making sports conscious, the injury rate is reduced.
The issues to be considered in order to prevent injuries in sports are as follows; the sports should be in accordance with the climatic conditions. Health checks must be carried out before starting the sport. In fact, warm-up movements should be done sufficiently before sports and stretching and stretching movements should be done. It is one of the most important factors in doing sports on a smooth ground.