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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Gonorrhea (syphilis) and Chlamydia

Syphilis, popularly known as gonorrhea, is an infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It can be passed on through sexual contact, blood transfusion, or to the fetus in the pregnant woman, from the mother to the baby she is breastfeeding. It usually appears in the mouth, anus, penis, and vaginal areas. The disease is identified by some laboratory tests. Syphilis causes significant complications if not treated. The treatment is done with penicillin benzathine injection at various doses according to the severity of the disease and the condition of the patient.

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium called Trachomatis. If left untreated, it can cause some permanent problems, such as infertility. Symptoms of chlamydia are foul-smelling white and yellow discharge in women, white discharge at the tip of the penis in men, bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, pain in the lower abdomen. The disease is diagnosed by detecting bacteria with a vaginal or cervical swab sample and or urine sample with a test called NAAT. Antibiotic treatment is applied.

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium called knitwear. If left untreated, it can trigger other sexually transmitted diseases. He can watch without showing any symptoms. It is treated with antibiotics.

Herpes simplex virusis a disease caused by Herpers simplex virus in the genital area. It can be transmitted sexually as well as through droplets. It occurs in two different ways, HS1 and HS2. Having the HS1 or HS2 virus during pregnancy can be passed on to the baby. Antiviral treatment is applied.

The disease known as HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) can be explained as the common name of a group of viruses. Sensual contact in the genital area is transmitted during sexual intercourse. Signs and symptoms often go unnoticed. The treatment process is carried out in the form of the treatment of lesions such as warts. Even if there is no risk factor, it is recommended that every woman after the age of 30 be screened for HPV every 5 years. In case of HPV positivity during screening, in some cases, appropriate follow-up and advanced treatment methods (colposcopy) are used according to the smear result and HPV type together with the smear test.

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