What Is Gastric Bypass?
The most preferred obesity surgery worldwide is sleeve gastrectomy. If weight loss fails after sleeve gastrectomy or due to various reasons, gastric bypass surgery is performed as an alternative surgery. The procedure can be summarized as forming a small pouch from the stomach and connecting the newly formed pouch directly to the small intestine. The procedure is a surgical operation performed to solve weight problems by performing a number of procedures on the stomach and small intestine to get rid of excess weight. The size of the stomach after the operation is very small that it is almost nonexistent. This is typically done under general anesthesia. The patient is discharged after being hospitalized for an average of 3 days. It can be performed open surgery and laparoscopically. The patient is likely to lose half of his/her weight before the operation within approximately two years after the operation. After the operation, health problems due to excess weight may recover. For patients who want to get pregnant after two years, it is appropriate to start the pregnancy process.
What Are The Complications of Gastric Bypass?
Since the stomach of the patient is very small after gastric bypass, the feeling of satiety will occur when the patient eats very little. In this respect, vitamin supplements can be given by the doctor because sufficient amounts of vitamins cannot be taken. As in every operation, some complications are seen in gastric bypass procedure.
There is a risk of infection.
There is a risk of leakage and dropping from staples and/or sutures to the stomach and small intestine.
Some patients are unable to eat after complaints such as nausea, cramps, etc. are observed.
There is a risk of dumping syndrome (nutrients rapidly descending into the 12 finger intestines).
There is a risk that the operation is not effective in weight loss success, that is, the operation is not beneficial (the stomach expands again due to the lack of regulation of eating habits).
There is a risk of low blood sugar after the surgery.
Since it is a surgical operation and it is not possible to recycle, the operation should be carried out by the doctor and the patient with a definite decision and clarity.
What Should Be Considered After Gastric Bypass?
After the operation, it is necessary to review dietary habits accompanied by a dietitian, to prepare personalized diet programs and to proceed in accordance with this program. After the procedure, the standard diet program is gradually started in the form of liquid, puree, liquid-solid, normal nutrition in a period of 1-2 weeks.
In obesity surgery, postoperative eating habits, regulation of lifestyle, support of healthy nutrition, taking additional vitamin supplements and regular controls are very important.
After the operation, it is recommended to avoid lifting heavily, acting in a way that will force yourself, sitting for a long time or staying without movement during the period recommended by your doctor.