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Urinary Tract Infection

What Is Urinary Tract Infection?

Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiply. The result is burning, stinging, frequent urination, pain in groins and lumbar region while urinating. If the infection is not treated immediately, the bacteria can travel to the kidneys and cause a more serious type of infection called pyelonephritis.

What Are The Factors Causing Urinary Tract Infections?

It's easy to get a urinary tract infection. Bacteria that live in the vagina, genital and anal areas can enter the urethra, go to the bladder and cause infection. Anything that puts bacteria in contact with your urethra can cause a urinary tract infection.

In following cases, there is a more probability to get a urinary tract infection.
If it has been passed before
History of diabetes
If you have a history of obesity
If there are kidney stones or other obstructions in the urinary tract
If you have constipation

Are Some People More Likely to Have a Urinary Tract Infection?

It can be anyone, but some people are more likely than others.
Women get urinary tract infections much more often than men. This may be because women's urethra is shorter, which can make it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder.

People with diabetes may have changes in the body's defense system, making it easier to get a urinary tract infection.

People with obstructions in the urinary tract, such as kidney stones, are more likely to have a urinary tract infection.

An enlarged prostate gland in a man can block the flow of urine and cause a urinary tract infection. People who have been placed in the catheter for a long time are more prone to urinary tract infection since bacteria on the catheter can infect the bladder.

What Are The Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection?

One of the most common symptoms of a urinary tract infection is the need to urinate frequently and urgently. Even if you have gone to the new toilet, you may always feel the need to pee. Other symptoms include:

Burning in urine
Foul and blurred urine
Blood or pus in the urine
Pain, pressure or cramps in the lower abdomen or back, low back pain
If the infection goes to the kidneys, the symptoms of urinary tract infection can also include:
Pain in the middle of your back (right or left of the spine)
Fatigue, weakness
In the presence of any of these symptoms, it is necessary to consult the hospital. Kidney infections are serious and should be treated immediately.

These symptoms do not always cause a urinary tract infection. Sexually transmitted diseases or other infections such as vaginitis can cause painful or frequent urination. Hospitalization is required for diagnosis and treatment.

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