Nutrition In Chronic Diseases
Nutrition is very important in chronic diseases. It paves the way for many diseases (such as cardiovascular, diabetes, obesity, blood pressure) due to nutritional errors.
While preparing a nutrition program, other health conditions in the body should be taken into account as well as chronic and metabolic diseases. The aim is to support the medical treatment process of the patient, to ensure that he/she receives the nutrients he/she needs completely and to increase the quality of life of the patient.
Nutrition in Cardiovascular Diseases
The percentage of calories from saturated fats needs to be reduced.
It should be reduced the percentage of calories from trans fat.
Choose semi-fat products instead of high-fat milk and dairy products.
We should pay attention to a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables.
Diabetes and Nutrition
Sugar and all sugary sweets should be avoided.
Pastries (bagels, pastries, white bread), acidic drinks should be avoided.
Solid fats and foods with high fat content should be avoided.
The fruits that can be eaten with the peel without peeling and in that way the fiber content increases.
It can be preferred whole-grain products instead of white bread and bulgur instead of rice.
Nutrition in Hypertension
The amount of saturated fat should be reduced.
Olive, pickle, canned food, salty cheeses, salami, sausage, bacon and chips with excess salt should not be consumed.
Daily salt consumption should be restricted.
Processed products should be avoided.
Nutrition in Cancer Treatment
Healthy eating is one of the protective factors against cancer. In cancer patients, a nutrition program should be prepared according to the treatment. In cancer patients, excessive weight loss is often observed, so support can be obtained from enteral products as well as nutrition.
Offal and delicatessen products should be avoided.
Care should be taken to ensure that meat products are well cooked before consuming.
Packaged products and canned products should be avoided.
Pomegranate, kiwi, grapefruit, blackberries and foodstuffs containing these should not be consumed as they may interact with drugs.
Nutrition in Kidney Diseases
Proper nutrition in kidney diseases can increase the quality of life of the patient. For this, it is very important to follow regular exercise programs, to have the ideal weight, to progress with the right diet program, to reduce salt, to quit smoking alcohol in addition to medication and dialysis treatments.
We have to be careful with salt.
People should pay attention to healthy cooking methods while cooking vegetables.
It should be tried not to skip meals and eat less but often.
It should be paid attention to the daily intake of protein.
Obesity and Nutrition
Obesity is an avalanche-like health problem in our society. Above normal food intake, food consumption is the main cause of obesity.
To protect against obesity;
We shouldn't consume food too quickly. We should swallow it after chewing well.
The meals should not be skipped. We need to eat less, often and healthily.
Television, phone, tablet should not be turned on while eating.
We should not eat something if we wake up at night.
We should take care to consume 3-4 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.
We should consume an average of 8-10 glasses of water per day.
We need to cook our food with healthy cooking methods.