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What Is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease characterized by the musculoskeletal system. It is also called soft tissue rheumatism. Although it is seen in all age groups, it is seven times more likely to occur in women than men.
The reason for its occurrence is unknown. Infection is affected by hereditary and genetic factors in connection with trauma and stress. Fibromyalgia syndrome is observed in those who have experienced severe physical and emotional trauma.
For fibromyalgia, a physical examination of some sensitive points may be required. These are: the back of the head, upper parts of the shoulders, upper chest, outer elbows, hips, knees, such as some points can be controlled with pressure.

What Are The Symptoms of Fibromyalgia?

Attention disorders such as fatigue, sleep, inability to concentrate, memory problems, burnout, disappointment, mood problems such as anxiety, shoulder, back pain, pain in sleep, intestinal disorders, irritable bowel problems (causing stomach pain and bloating), migraine, headache, pain and stiffness in the whole body, and widespread muscle pain are the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Therefore, the symptoms of fibromyalgia are similar to those of autoimmune disorders.

What Are The Risk Factors for Fibromyalgia?

Nutritional disorders, being a woman (it is seen seven times more in women than men), stress, physical and emotional traumas (Post Traumatic Stress Disorders), viral infections, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, calcification, diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, obesity, sleep patterns disorders, irritable bowel and leg syndromes are among the risk factors.
Fibromyalgia can also occur in children. However, middle age is seen as a risk factor as the age factor. Along with the age factor, personality structure is also effective. Sensitive, perfectionist people are more likely to have fibromyalgia.

What Are The Treatment Methods of Fibromyalgia?

For fibromyalgia, the patient's history is first listened to. After the physical examination, the disease is diagnosed as a result of examinations such as x-rays and, if necessary, blood tests. There is no cure for fibromyalgia.
The patient is followed up by making changes in nutrition and lifestyle along with medication (painkillers, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors).
Psychological support and cognitive behavior therapies are alternative treatment methods.

Stress management methods such as meditation, yoga and massage and stress reducing exercises are among the rehabilitation methods. At the same time, it is possible to do electrotherapy, TENS, hot-cold applications, exercises to reduce regional pain.

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