One of the common problems we encounter in our patients who come to the general surgery outpatient clinic of our hospital is gall bladder diseases.
What Are Gallbladder Diseases?
The gallbladder, which helps digestion, may not be able to perform its functions from time to time. Bile juice breaks the fats in the small intestine into small pieces and allows them to be broken down by digestive enzymes. The organ that transmits bile to the small intestines and facilitates digestion is the gallbladder. In addition, their task is to concentrate the bile fluid produced by the liver and to increase the amount of bile acid. In gallbladder diseases, the pain can spread to the back and abdomen. It is generally more common in individuals over the age of sixty, diabetic patients, those with weight problems, those with a family history of bile problems and those with liver problems. Common gallbladder diseases are gallstones, gallbladder inflammation and gallbladder cancer.
Gallbladder and Gall Tract stones
It is one of the most common problems of gallbladder diseases. Gallstones can be formed due to the high amount of fat in the blood and high levels of elements such as calcium. Gallbladder stones can also progress to the bile ducts in the following periods and as a result, gallstones may form.
Inflammation of The Gallbladder
It is the case that stones formed in the gallbladder cause inflammation in the sac. This infection is called cholecystitis. Inflammation can damage the walls of the sac and cause circulatory disorders.
Although chronic gallbladder inflammation and gallstones are not very common, they can cause gallbladder cancer. This can be prevented by early treatment of gallstones and inflammation.
What Are Gallbladder Diseases?
Although not every gallbladder disease shows symptoms immediately, the symptoms of gallbladder diseases are usually related to the digestive system. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, jaundice and fever are among the symptoms that manifest themselves.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Gallbladder Diseases
When diagnosing gallbladder diseases, laboratory and imaging examinations are performed after listening to the patient's complaints. Ultrasonography technique is used to visualize the gallbladder. In addition, if it is necessary to examine the bile ducts, ERCP can be performed.
Since nutrition has an important place in gallbladder diseases, gallbladder diets can be used for gallbladder inflammation and stones problems. This diet should be away from processed foods, free of trans fats, low in carbohydrates and sugar, fibrous foods, foods with olive oil and vegetables and fruits.
Antibiotics for gallbladder inflammation and various drugs are used to dissolve stones. In addition, laparoscopy may be preferred for gallbladder removal from necessary surgical operations. Surgery is definitely recommended for gallstones.
After our general surgeon diagnoses the disease, he/she will contact our infection specialist if necessary and help you by determining the most appropriate treatment method.