What Is Varicosis?
Varicose veins are seen as blue, enlarged and folded under the skin. Although swelling may occur as a result of the enlargement of the veins at the beginning, large vein packs may occur with the increase of varicose vein findings and even vein cracks may be seen. Although varicose veins often cause image discomfort in the first years, they can lead to pain later on. If venous insufficiency develops, swelling occurs in the legs. If clots form in varicose veins (thrombophlebitis), pain, swelling and redness occur in the legs. Varicose veins are more common in women than in men. The incidence increases with advancing age.
What are the risk factors for varicose veins?
Many factors play a role in the formation mechanism of varicose veins. Varicose veins may occur due to pregnancy, obesity, standing for a long time, some professions, being a woman, birth control pills and hormone treatments, wearing tight clothes, constipation, age and genetic factors.
How is varicose veins formed?
Varicose veins occur as a result of insufficiency in the vein valve. Blood constantly runs back and ponds. This leads to increased pressure in the vein and swelling. Over time, vascular enlargement increases. Varicose veins can occur at any level of the veins.
There may be venous insufficiency in the groin or insufficiency at the leg level below. Sometimes the cause of the heir may be a clot in a vein. Behind the occluded vein, blood is pooled and the vein expands.
What are the symptoms of varicosis
Blue purple swellings on the legs
Feeling of heaviness in the legs
Swelling in the legs
Numbness in the legs
What are the Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are divided into three as capillary varicose veins, reticular varicose veins and large vein varicose veins. Capillary varicose veins are usually formed as a result of the cracking of these veins. They look like cobwebs. They are often seen in young women who are pregnant and use hormones.
Reticular varicose veins are more puffy and blue than the skin around the back of the knee and ankle.
Large vein varicose veins are formed as a result of the insufficiency of the large vein called the saphenous vein in the leg. They become quite puffy and greenish from the skin. They show all the signs of varicose veins.
Initially, varicose veins that are only visually disturbing may cause severe pain in the leg, inflammation in the vein, rupture and bleeding of the varicose vein, and clot formation in the varicose vein and clotting in the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
What Are The Treatment Methods?
First of all, the patient is approached holistically. Standard of living, mobility, type of varicose veins, how the vein system works. Risk factors are questioned. Then, the most appropriate treatment plan is created for the person. Radiofrequency ablation and variclose gluing can be performed without incision. In these procedures, discharge is provided on the same day and there is no need for surgical procedure.
For superficial capillary varicose veins; foam or direct sclerotherapy can be applied as a daily treatment in the outpatient clinic. The benefit can be increased by combining methods according to the diameter and course of the vessel.
With the mini-phlebectomy method, varicose veins that become swollen and curved from the skin surface can be surgically removed through tiny skin incisions.
Sclerotherapy: Sclerotherapy is the process of administering a drug with vasoclosing properties into the vein with the help of an injector with a thin needle tip.
Thus, the thin vein is closed and is absorbed and destroyed by the skin over time. Varicose veins on the leg become less visible or invisible. The most suitable veins for sclerotherapy treatment are small varicose veins close to the skin and capillary varicose veins.
Radiofrequency therapy: Radiofrequency waves cause an increase in temperature in the vein when applied intravenously.
This increase in heat causes the inner wall of the vessel to burn at the same laser energy. This burn on the inner surface of the vein allows the vein to adhere and close, thus allowing the heir to heal.