Urinary Tract Infections In Children
Urinary tract infections are among the most common diseases in children. Inflammation in the system that allows urine to be removed from the body. It is a disease that occurs as a result of the entry of bacteria in the bladder and kidneys. Most of these infections are caused by the bacterium "Escherichia Coli" (E. Coli). Girls have a higher risk of urinary tract infection due to their short urethra.
What Are The Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections?
Urinary tract infections can progress without any symptoms for children. Even if the child has a urinary tract infection, it may not be noticed by the parent in the early stages.
Burning sensation when urinating
Pain in lower abdomen
Frequent desire to go to the toilet
The above-mentioned symptoms should be checked by the parents and if you notice any of these symptoms, you should be examined by a pediatrician.
How Is Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosed in Children?
In children, symptoms are primarily taken by the doctor from the parent or the patient depending on the age. His/her past history is rested and a physical examination is performed. Urinalysis is requested by the pediatrician. Red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria, protein and signs of infection are detected in the urine. If deemed necessary, renal ultrasound is requested. Ultrasonic examination determines the condition of the kidneys and the flow in the blood vessels.
How Are Urinary Tract Infections Treated In Children?
Treatment of urinary tract infection in children is usually resolved with antibiotic support. Depending on the age of the child and the course of the disease, antibiotic supplementation by syrup, tablet or intravenous route may vary.
Depending on the high fever, infection values and the condition of the patient, hospitalization and treatment may need to be supervised.
If the home treatment process is deemed appropriate, plenty of rest, extra fluid intake, regular administration of antibiotics on time and to the extent and healthy and regular nutrition affect the healing process. In order to prevent urinary tract infections, attention should be paid to children's toilet hygiene and their consumption of plenty of fluids. Toilet hygiene should be done with a movement towards the anus (from front to back), especially in girls. The bacterium called E. Coli is actually a bacterium in the large intestine. Therefore, toilet hygiene is very important. Strict monitoring by parents is required.